Ayurveda has always insisted on the importance of positive mental health. The definition of health in Ayurveda consists of healthy soul, mind and body. The mind-body connection is one of the most important aspect in Ayurveda. As it stated that along with body, mine gets its nourishment from the food we consume. Wrong food habits and physical imbalances can disturb mental state and vice-versa.
Ayurveda has beautifully explained the role of mind through the concept of Dhi, Dhruti and Smruti.
The mind we speak about is manas, which is directly connected to Dhi, which is the intelligence that helps to learn, focus and understand the information. The balanced Vata dosha is must for the optimal functioning of Dhi.
Dhruti is the processing and storing of the information. It involves the chemical and electrical processing of information gathered through the senses and balanced Pitta dosha keeps it's functioning well.
Smruti is nothing but the memory, that is the ability to remember and recall. Which is the function of balanced Kapha dosha.
The proper co-ordination between these three, keeps the mental health normal and properly working. Any change in the co-ordination between these above three factors leads to Psychological disorders.
The first mention of psychological disorders in the Charak Sanhita comes while mentioning all the top (Agrya) causes and food combinations among all categories, the great Acharya Charaka quotes ‘Vishado Rogavardhananam’, means Vishada is the foremost factor in worsening any disease, it might be physical or mental.