Root canal is a treatment modality widely used across the world to save a tooth for a function of chewing, speech and asthetics. Root canal is a treatment used to repair or save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected. During a root canal procedure, the nerve and blood vessels containing tissue called PULP is removed and the inside of the tooth is shaped and cleaned with disinfectant solution, then whole space is filled with plastic, rubbery material called gutta percha throughout the length of tooth root. After that permanent filling is done on top of it to seal the tooth in all directions.
-Why does tooth need root canal treatment-
When a tooth’s nerve & blood vessels containing tissue called pulp is damaged, it breaks down and bacteria begin to multiply within the pulp chamber. These bacteria can cause abscess around tooth. An abscess is pus filled area that forms around tooth. It occurs when the infection spreads all the way past the ends of roots of the tooth such infection can potentially cause.
Indications of root canal treatment-